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This presentation highlights new findings on global value chain (GVC) upgrading in large and small economies. Drawing on emerging research, Gary Gereffi discusses several factors related to new trends in GVC upgrading, including state policy and a re-emphasis on the domestic market, the regionalization of value chains, and the role of shifting end markets for developing country exporters. He talks about these trends in the context of Brazil and Costa Rica, as seen in three manufacturing industries.
Gary Gereffi is Professor of Sociology and Director of the Center on Globalization, Governance & Competitiveness at Duke University. Gereffi's research on value chains articulated the role of value chain governance and upgrading in transforming emerging market economies like China, India and Brazil. Within USAID and other donors, his work has inspired a whole body of new programming focused on value chain development with ideas about trajectories of change, power dynamics within value chains, and strategies for taking advantage of opportunities in the global marketplace. Gereffi has published numerous books and articles on globalization, industrial upgrading, and social and economic development. His books include: "Global Value Chains in a Post-crisis World: A Development Perspective," "Shifting End Markets and Upgrading Prospects in Global Value Chains," and "Skills for Upgrading: Workforce Development and Global Value Chains in Developing Countries." Gereffi received his B.A. degree from the University of Notre Dame and his M.Phil. and PhD degrees from Yale University.