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Around 70 to 80 percent of informal cross-border traders (ICBT) in the southern Africa region are women. Although cross-border trade helps many women become economically empowered, it can also make them extremely vulnerable to harassment and gender-based violence from corrupt border agents. These...
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is known to be a significant contributor to infant morbidity and mortality in many countries, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. Strategies for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) dramatically reduce the risk of HIV transmission to an...
The purpose of this case study is to outline how the ASPIRES project designed a vulnerability assessment for the context of Côte d’Ivoire and for the needs of the USAID Health Office’s PEPFAR-funded Orphans and Vulnerable Children (OVC) programs, demonstrate the process of the appropriate selection...
This brief summarizes existing knowledge and focuses on the issue of transitory escapes in particular, as a unique and concerning sub-set of impoverishment. The focus of this brief is to: (i) define the phenomenon of transitory poverty escapes, linked to broader concepts of sustained poverty...
This report was prepared to inform planning in the USAID-funded ASPIRES project. It includes a review of some of the existing tools used to assess vulnerability to either separation or negative child well-being outcomes with attention to economic security for the purposes of targeting households...
By request from USAID, the ASPIRES project is conducting an evaluation of the SCIP-Zambezia program in Mozambique, which is implementing an integrated social empowerment and savings-led microfinance intervention. The purpose of the evaluation is: To determine if the economic and social empowerment...
While we cannot stop shocks from happening, the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) can – and must – do more to help people withstand them. USAID has been in the vanguard of international momentum to support country and regional plans and build resilience to recurrent crisis. Through...
Natural disasters affect hundreds of millions of people around the globe every year. With each new disaster, development gains are threatened as infrastructure is destroyed and economic opportunities and livelihoods are interrupted or lost, leading to increased poverty. Building resilience and...
The Intervention Guide for the Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index (WEAI) provides guidance to donors and implementers of agricultural market development programs on how to translate into practice the evidence and insights gained from the WEAI survey results. This is the second edition of this...
Globally there are approximately 500 million smallholder households - around 2 billion people - who rely on small-scale agriculture for their livelihoods. These households, who make up a large portion of the world's poor living on less than $2 per day, typically cultivate less than five acres of...