There is a growing need to design and implement effective economic development strategies that address populations in high-risk categories. For example, incorporating a more market-friendly approach to support conflict-affected populations sooner can achieve greater impact than phasing it in at a later date. After a natural disaster, the ability to access capital speeds up the pace of re-establishing livelihoods and income-earning activities. Microenterprise development can help poor households hardest hit by HIV/AIDS develop more profitable or diverse income sources to increase and stabilize family income. Special focus is also given to youth and women who face unique economic challenges.