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Vulnerable Populations

There is a growing need to design and implement effective economic development strategies that address populations in high-risk categories. For example, incorporating a more market-friendly approach to support conflict-affected populations sooner can achieve greater impact than phasing it in at a later date. After a natural disaster, the ability to access capital speeds up the pace of re-establishing livelihoods and income-earning activities. Microenterprise development can help poor households hardest hit by HIV/AIDS develop more profitable or diverse income sources to increase and stabilize family income. Special focus is also given to youth and women who face unique economic challenges.

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Around 70 to 80 percent of informal cross-border traders (ICBT) in the southern Africa region are women. Although cross-border trade helps many women become economically empowered, it can also make them extremely vulnerable to harassment and gender-based violence from corrupt border agents. These...
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is known to be a significant contributor to infant morbidity and mortality in many countries, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. Strategies for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) dramatically reduce the risk of HIV transmission to an...
The purpose of this case study is to outline how the ASPIRES project designed a vulnerability assessment for the context of Côte d’Ivoire and for the needs of the USAID Health Office’s PEPFAR-funded Orphans and Vulnerable Children (OVC) programs, demonstrate the process of the appropriate selection...
This brief summarizes existing knowledge and focuses on the issue of transitory escapes in particular, as a unique and concerning sub-set of impoverishment. The focus of this brief is to: (i) define the phenomenon of transitory poverty escapes, linked to broader concepts of sustained poverty...
This report was prepared to inform planning in the USAID-funded ASPIRES project. It includes a review of some of the existing tools used to assess vulnerability to either separation or negative child well-being outcomes with attention to economic security for the purposes of targeting households...